It’s possible to donate your sperm for couples unable to achieve a pregnancy due to male or social infertility. In Queensland, single women and lesbian couples can also access donated semen.
Known donation vs. anonymous donation
Known donation is where a relative or friend donate their sperm to you. This form of donation is encouraged as the genetic origin of the sperm is known and the waiting time for treatment can often be reduced. Many known donors also restrict the number of families created from their donation which can be desirable for the children who are conceived as a result of the donation. There are no legal restrictions in Queensland on the number of families resulting from a donation but there are in other states in Australia.
Anonymous donation is when donation of sperm is to an unknown individual or couple. A donor may not agree to their information being released to any children (upon reaching adulthood) conceived as a result of their donating sperm. Care Fertility recognises the right of the children to know their genetic origins and therefore only facilitates the use of donated sperm where the donors and recipients have exchanged identifying information. This means that the parents of the child or children have the opportunity to communicate with the donor and provide information to the child or children about their genetic origins at the appropriate time.
What does it mean to be a donor?
As a donor, you are entitled to know that your sperm has achieved a pregnancy and live birth, and to know the gender of the child (as well as any birth abnormalities). The recipients become the legal parents of any children born and have financial and legal responsibility for those children.
Donor sperm treatments
We provide counselling, storage and quarantining of known donor sperm according to Australian legislation. The sperm can be used for intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) according to the quality of the sperm and medical conditions of the woman.
Next steps if you are thinking about becoming a sperm donor
The first step to becoming a sperm donor is to check whether you meet some strict eligibility criteria.
- you must be between 18 and 55 years of age
- be fit and healthy
- know your genetic family history
- have no family history of serious genetic disorders
- have a lifestyle which does not place you at high risk for HIV (AIDS virus) and hepatitis virus infection.
If you believe that you fulfil the criteria and are interested in finding out more about donation, the next step is to contact Care Fertility. You will meet with a fertility specialist, a nurse and a counsellor, undergo a range of blood tests and semen analysis. You will be required to complete a declaration of a healthy lifestyle, consent forms and meet your recipient couple or woman. If you decide that becoming a donor is a good decision for you, you may be well on the way to having a starring role in someone’s dream of having a family to love and care for.